Eradication of human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts with a combination of O6-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine and 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea

Demetrius M. Kokkinakis, Robert C. Moschel, Anthony E. Pegg, S. Clifford Schold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

O6-Benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (dBG), a water-soluble inhibitor of O6- methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), potentiates the efficacy of 1,3- bis(2-chloroethyl)1-nitrosourea (BCNU) against MGMT-positive, BCNU-resistant Daoy human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts in athymic mice (S. C. Schold et aL, Cancer Res., 56: 2076-2081, 1996). Such potentiation was comparable to that observed for O6-benzylguanine, the prototype MGMT inhibitor that is currently undergoing clinical trials. In this study, we optimized the therapeutic effect of the dBG and BCNU combination against brain tumor xenografts without inducing substantial toxicity in the host by adjusting the doses of both compounds, dBG was escalated from 133 mg/m2 to 200 and 300 mg/m2, whereas corresponding doses of BCNU were reduced from 25 mg/m2 to 17 and 11 mg/m2, respectively. The growth delays of 30.2, 38.4, and 22.3 days, respectively, observed for the above regimens suggest that the optimal drug combination is not achieved with maximum doses of dBG. In fact, the highest doses of dBG (300 mg/m2) contributed to more frequent BCNU-related toxicities, despite the reduced BCNU dosage, and a reduction of the therapeutic effect. Toxicity was related to the depletion of MGMT activity in the gut of host mice and was manifested by edema, inflammation, and hemorrhage in the bowel wall by subsequent BCNU administration. With additional dosage adjustments, we found that tumor suppression of >90 days without toxicity was observed at 200 mg/m2 dBG and 23 mg/m2 BCNU. At these doses, tumors were eradicated (regressed to an undetectable size for >90 days) in 8 of 12 animals. Thus, dBG is the first of the MGMT inhibitors to show a curative effect in combination with BCNU against a human central nervous system tumor xenograft in athymic mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3676-3681
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume5
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 1999

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Carmustine
Medulloblastoma
Deoxyguanosine
Heterografts
Methyltransferases
Neoplasms
DNA
Therapeutic Uses
Nude Mice
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Drug Combinations
Brain Neoplasms
Edema
Clinical Trials
Hemorrhage
Inflammation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

@article{8c607d5572824e168717170a93f9d71d,
title = "Eradication of human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts with a combination of O6-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine and 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea",
abstract = "O6-Benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (dBG), a water-soluble inhibitor of O6- methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), potentiates the efficacy of 1,3- bis(2-chloroethyl)1-nitrosourea (BCNU) against MGMT-positive, BCNU-resistant Daoy human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts in athymic mice (S. C. Schold et aL, Cancer Res., 56: 2076-2081, 1996). Such potentiation was comparable to that observed for O6-benzylguanine, the prototype MGMT inhibitor that is currently undergoing clinical trials. In this study, we optimized the therapeutic effect of the dBG and BCNU combination against brain tumor xenografts without inducing substantial toxicity in the host by adjusting the doses of both compounds, dBG was escalated from 133 mg/m2 to 200 and 300 mg/m2, whereas corresponding doses of BCNU were reduced from 25 mg/m2 to 17 and 11 mg/m2, respectively. The growth delays of 30.2, 38.4, and 22.3 days, respectively, observed for the above regimens suggest that the optimal drug combination is not achieved with maximum doses of dBG. In fact, the highest doses of dBG (300 mg/m2) contributed to more frequent BCNU-related toxicities, despite the reduced BCNU dosage, and a reduction of the therapeutic effect. Toxicity was related to the depletion of MGMT activity in the gut of host mice and was manifested by edema, inflammation, and hemorrhage in the bowel wall by subsequent BCNU administration. With additional dosage adjustments, we found that tumor suppression of >90 days without toxicity was observed at 200 mg/m2 dBG and 23 mg/m2 BCNU. At these doses, tumors were eradicated (regressed to an undetectable size for >90 days) in 8 of 12 animals. Thus, dBG is the first of the MGMT inhibitors to show a curative effect in combination with BCNU against a human central nervous system tumor xenograft in athymic mice.",
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Eradication of human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts with a combination of O6-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine and 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea. / Kokkinakis, Demetrius M.; Moschel, Robert C.; Pegg, Anthony E.; Schold, S. Clifford.

In: Clinical Cancer Research, Vol. 5, No. 11, 01.11.1999, p. 3676-3681.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eradication of human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts with a combination of O6-benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine and 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea

AU - Kokkinakis, Demetrius M.

AU - Moschel, Robert C.

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N2 - O6-Benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (dBG), a water-soluble inhibitor of O6- methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), potentiates the efficacy of 1,3- bis(2-chloroethyl)1-nitrosourea (BCNU) against MGMT-positive, BCNU-resistant Daoy human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts in athymic mice (S. C. Schold et aL, Cancer Res., 56: 2076-2081, 1996). Such potentiation was comparable to that observed for O6-benzylguanine, the prototype MGMT inhibitor that is currently undergoing clinical trials. In this study, we optimized the therapeutic effect of the dBG and BCNU combination against brain tumor xenografts without inducing substantial toxicity in the host by adjusting the doses of both compounds, dBG was escalated from 133 mg/m2 to 200 and 300 mg/m2, whereas corresponding doses of BCNU were reduced from 25 mg/m2 to 17 and 11 mg/m2, respectively. The growth delays of 30.2, 38.4, and 22.3 days, respectively, observed for the above regimens suggest that the optimal drug combination is not achieved with maximum doses of dBG. In fact, the highest doses of dBG (300 mg/m2) contributed to more frequent BCNU-related toxicities, despite the reduced BCNU dosage, and a reduction of the therapeutic effect. Toxicity was related to the depletion of MGMT activity in the gut of host mice and was manifested by edema, inflammation, and hemorrhage in the bowel wall by subsequent BCNU administration. With additional dosage adjustments, we found that tumor suppression of >90 days without toxicity was observed at 200 mg/m2 dBG and 23 mg/m2 BCNU. At these doses, tumors were eradicated (regressed to an undetectable size for >90 days) in 8 of 12 animals. Thus, dBG is the first of the MGMT inhibitors to show a curative effect in combination with BCNU against a human central nervous system tumor xenograft in athymic mice.

AB - O6-Benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (dBG), a water-soluble inhibitor of O6- methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), potentiates the efficacy of 1,3- bis(2-chloroethyl)1-nitrosourea (BCNU) against MGMT-positive, BCNU-resistant Daoy human medulloblastoma tumor xenografts in athymic mice (S. C. Schold et aL, Cancer Res., 56: 2076-2081, 1996). Such potentiation was comparable to that observed for O6-benzylguanine, the prototype MGMT inhibitor that is currently undergoing clinical trials. In this study, we optimized the therapeutic effect of the dBG and BCNU combination against brain tumor xenografts without inducing substantial toxicity in the host by adjusting the doses of both compounds, dBG was escalated from 133 mg/m2 to 200 and 300 mg/m2, whereas corresponding doses of BCNU were reduced from 25 mg/m2 to 17 and 11 mg/m2, respectively. The growth delays of 30.2, 38.4, and 22.3 days, respectively, observed for the above regimens suggest that the optimal drug combination is not achieved with maximum doses of dBG. In fact, the highest doses of dBG (300 mg/m2) contributed to more frequent BCNU-related toxicities, despite the reduced BCNU dosage, and a reduction of the therapeutic effect. Toxicity was related to the depletion of MGMT activity in the gut of host mice and was manifested by edema, inflammation, and hemorrhage in the bowel wall by subsequent BCNU administration. With additional dosage adjustments, we found that tumor suppression of >90 days without toxicity was observed at 200 mg/m2 dBG and 23 mg/m2 BCNU. At these doses, tumors were eradicated (regressed to an undetectable size for >90 days) in 8 of 12 animals. Thus, dBG is the first of the MGMT inhibitors to show a curative effect in combination with BCNU against a human central nervous system tumor xenograft in athymic mice.

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