We report two cases of late recurrence of eruptive locoregional metastatic melanoma occurring 6 and 9 years after definitive surgical treatment. Each case (stage IB and IA) occurred after initiation of the subcutaneous anti-tumor necrosis factor medications etanercept and adalimumab, respectively. We discuss the association of immune suppression and melanoma. These cases illustrate a previously unrecognized and potentially causal relationship between tumor necrosis factor-α inhibition and reactivation of latent melanoma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes