Human cord blood progenitor-derived erythroblasts have recently been shown to respond to erythropoietin (Epo) or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) with a transient increase in intracellular free calcium concentration [Ca(c)]. However, the importance of [Ca(c)] changes in mediating cell proliferation and/or differentiation is undefined. In the present study, the response of erythroid precursors at different stages of differentiation to Epo was examined. Erythroblasts were derived from adult blood erythroid progenitors (BFU-E) at day 7 or day 10 of culture. [Ca(c)] was measured in individual Fura-2 loaded cells with fluorescence microscopy coupled digital video imaging. The dynamic range (R(max)/R(min)) of intracellular Fura-2 was similar to that measured in free solution, suggesting insignificant amounts of intracellular Ca++ insensitive forms of Fura-2. Baseline [Ca(c)] of erythroid cells calculated with an in vitro calibration method was 44 ± 4 nmol/L and with an vivo method was 46 ± 4 nmol/L. Treatment of day 7 BFU-E derived erythroblasts with Epo resulted in no significant increase in [Ca(c)]. In contrast, in more mature erythroblasts (day 10 of culture), Epo stimulated a large increase in [Ca(c)] from 49 ± 11 nmol/L at baseline to 279 ± 47 nmol/L. This [Ca(c)] increase occurred in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing no added calcium. The increase in [Ca(c)] persisted for 18 minutes and was dose dependent. Day 7 and day 10 control cells treated with either insulin or media showed no significant change in [Ca(c)] during 18 minutes of observation. Our data demonstrate that early (day 7) and late (day 10) erythroblasts display different responses to Epo, at least in terms of intracellular Ca++ fluxes. The differential [Ca(c)] response observed in early and late erythroid precursors to growth factor stimulation suggests that [Ca(c)] may be an important signal in cell differentiation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology