Estimated costs to the Pennsylvania criminal justice system resulting from the opioid crisis

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The opioid crisis has made financial impacts across all levels of the public sector. This report focuses on costs related to the criminal justice system (CJS) in Pennsylvania. Costs impacting 3 principal areas of the CJS are examined: opioid-related arrests, court costs, and incarceration. Analysis of the state-level CJS is our main focus; no local-level costs are included. Through this examination, costs of the opioid crisis for the period of 2007 to 2016 were estimated using opioid costs for 2006 as a baseline. Total costs to the Pennsylvania CJS during this period were over $526 million, with most of that accounted for by state corrections. Opioid-related trends in arrests, court proceedings, and incarceration were not sufficiently well documented to allow for rigorous analysis in earlier periods, and this was the primary limitation to our analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S250-S255
JournalThe American journal of managed care
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy

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