Estimated Prevalence of Anabolic Steroid Use Among Male High School Seniors

William E. Buckley, Charles E. Yesalis, Karl E. Friedl, William A. Anderson, Andrea L. Streit, James E. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

395 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AS) is perceived by the media, by segments of the sports medicine and athletic communities, and by the public to have grown to epidemic proportions. Unfortunately, the incidence and prevalence of AS use among elite, amateur, and recreational athletes is poorly documented. This study was designed to help identify AS use patterns among the male portion of the general adolescent population. The overall participation rate on a schoolwide basis was 68.7% and on an individual basis reached 50.3%. Participants in this investigation were 12th-grade male students (N = 3403) in 46 private and public high schools across the nation who completed a questionnaire that established current or previous use of AS as well as user and nonuser characteristics. Results indicate that 6.6% of 12th grade male students use or have used AS and that over two thirds of the user group initiated use when they were 16 years of age or younger. Approximately 21% of users reported that a health professional was their primary source. The evidence indicates that educational intervention strategies should begin as early as junior high school; the intervention should not be directed only toward those individuals who participate in school-based athletics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3441-3445
Number of pages5
JournalJAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association
Volume260
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 16 1988

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Testosterone Congeners
Steroids
Sports
Students
Sports Medicine
Athletes
Incidence
Health
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Buckley, William E. ; Yesalis, Charles E. ; Friedl, Karl E. ; Anderson, William A. ; Streit, Andrea L. ; Wright, James E. / Estimated Prevalence of Anabolic Steroid Use Among Male High School Seniors. In: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association. 1988 ; Vol. 260, No. 23. pp. 3441-3445.
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Estimated Prevalence of Anabolic Steroid Use Among Male High School Seniors. / Buckley, William E.; Yesalis, Charles E.; Friedl, Karl E.; Anderson, William A.; Streit, Andrea L.; Wright, James E.

In: JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 260, No. 23, 16.12.1988, p. 3441-3445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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