The end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship can be used to describe left ventricular (LV) compliance. The objective of this study was to utilize measurements of LV cavity area by echocardiographic automated border detection and pressure data to estimate the end-diastolic pressure-volume curve in an isolated heart preparation where true volume could be measured by an intraventricular balloon. Six dog hearts were excised for placement of an intraventricular balloon and a micromanometer catheter and perfused in an ex vivo circuit. Mid-ventricular short-axis images were used to measure cross-sectional area by automated border detection while LV volumes were increased from 5 ml to maximal volume (30-40 ml) in each preparation. Simultaneous area and pressure data were recorded on a computer workstation through a customized interface with the ultrasound system. Three runs of varying LV volumes at 1 ml increments were performed on each of 6 hearts for a total of 1,080 simultaneous measurements. Pressure-volume and pressure-area curves were analyzed by linear regression analyses, the slope of which was used to estimate compliance. End-diastolic pressure-area and pressure-volume relationships were significantly correlated with mean r=0.97 ± 0.02 (p<0.001) from individual hearts. The slopes which served to estimate compliance of the individual pressure-area and pressure-volume curves were similar and differed by only 7±4%. A similar correlation was observed by second order regression analyses with r=0.97±0.01 (p<0.001) for pressure-area and r=0.98±0.01 (p<0.001) for pressure-volume relationships. The end-diastolic pressure-area curves may potentially be used to estimate LV compliance, although the clinical application of this method remains to be validated.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine