Fiber reinforced elastomeric matrix composites (EMCs) offer several potential advantages for construction of rotors for flywheel energy storage systems. One potential advantage, for safety considerations, is the existence of maximum stresses near the outside radius of thick circumferentially wound EMC disks, which could lead to a desirable self-arresting failure mode at ultimate speeds. Certain unidirectionally reinforced EMCs, however, have been noted to creep readily under the influence of stress transverse to the fibers. In this paper, stress redistribution in a spinning thick disk made of a circumferentially filament wound EMC material on a small rigid hub has been analyzed with the assumption of total radial stress relaxation due to radial creep. It is shown that, following complete relaxation, the circumferential strains and stresses are maximized at the outside radius of the disk. Importantly, the radial tensile strains are three times greater than the circumferential strains at any given radius. Therefore, a unidirectional EMC material system that can safely endure transverse tensile creep strains of at least three times the elastic longitudinal strain capacity of the same material is likely to maintain the theoretically safe failure mode despite complete radial stress relaxation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Polymers and Plastics