Ethological function of components of a sex attractant system for oriental fruit moth males, Grapholitha molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

R. T. Cardé, Thomas Charles Baker, W. L. Roelofs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Field studies of male Oriental fruit moth, Grapholitha molesta (Busck), behavior indicated that a mixture of cis-8-dodecenyl acetate (c8-12:Ac) and ca. 7% trans-8-dodecenyl acetate (t8-12:Ac) was requisite for upwind anemotaxis. The simultaneous emission of dodecyl alcohol (12:OH) and the attractant blend of c8-12:Ac containing ca. 7% t8-12:Ac elicited a behavioral repertoire including close-range orientation, landing near the chemical source, wing fanning, and extrusion of the males' abdominal hairpencils in precopulatory display. The effect of 12:OH in increasing trap catches was, therefore, not due to its effect on upwind anemotaxis, but rather to its importance in eliciting landing and other close-range precopulatory behavior. Interestingly, cis-8-dodecen-1-ol in extremely low ratios to the attractants (1:333) appeared to duplicate the activity of 12:OH used in ratios of 3:1 to the attractants. Laboratory observations of mating sequences revealed that male hairpencil eversion always preceded copulation. The evidence supports a male response sequence based on specific component combinations and concentrations eliciting successive behavioral steps rather than a response hierarchy dependent on increases in concentration of a single chemical or blend. Additionally, the closeness of the males' approach to c8-12:Ac containing ca. 7% t8-12:Ac was optimal at a discrete emission rate, and male responses were diminished within 30-60 sec after the males' arrival at the attractant source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)475-491
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
Volume1
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1975

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry

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