Evaluating photocatalytic asphalt pavement effectiveness in real world environments through developing models: A statistical and kinetic study

Heather Dylla, Somayeh Asadi, Marwa Hassan, Louay N. Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photocatalytic asphalt pavements are evaluated in this study as a possible air-pollution reduction strategy and to comprehend their behavior in the real world environment. Statistical models from real world experiments or reaction kinetics are two approaches to understand the photocatalytic reduction in real world environments. The objective of this study was to develop a statistical model for nitrogen oxide (NO) reduction using data from a field study and to evaluate the photocatalytic reaction kinetics of NO reduction, which could be used in future theoretical air pollution model simulations. To achieve this objective, a photocatalytic water-based spray coating was applied on an existing asphalt pavement site for the field study statistical model and on laboratory samples for the kinetic study. Based on the field data, the NO reduction was modeled using statistical regression techniques by creating a model for a non-coated pavement and photocatalytic pavement. The coefficient of determination was 0.79 and 0.67, respectively. To improve prediction, other parameters may need to be included into the model and more sampling time is required. Based on the lab results, the NO reduction was reaction controlled following the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. The adsorption equilibrium constant calculated for photocatalytic asphalt pavements was similar to those of concrete pavements, while the reaction rate constant was significantly lower. While humidity has a negative correlation on both L-H constants, intensity has a positive correlation. However, interaction between these two parameters exists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-176
Number of pages26
JournalAsphalt Paving Technology: Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists-Proceedings of the Technical Sessions
Volume82
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
EventAsphalt Paving Technology 2013, AAPT 2013 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Apr 7 2013Apr 10 2013

Fingerprint

Asphalt pavements
Nitrogen oxides
Kinetics
Air pollution
Reaction kinetics
Pavements
Concrete pavements
Equilibrium constants
Reaction rates
Rate constants
Data reduction
Atmospheric humidity
Sampling
Adsorption
Coatings
Statistical Models
Water
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

@article{0d799aea607a487596740182004f981c,
title = "Evaluating photocatalytic asphalt pavement effectiveness in real world environments through developing models: A statistical and kinetic study",
abstract = "Photocatalytic asphalt pavements are evaluated in this study as a possible air-pollution reduction strategy and to comprehend their behavior in the real world environment. Statistical models from real world experiments or reaction kinetics are two approaches to understand the photocatalytic reduction in real world environments. The objective of this study was to develop a statistical model for nitrogen oxide (NO) reduction using data from a field study and to evaluate the photocatalytic reaction kinetics of NO reduction, which could be used in future theoretical air pollution model simulations. To achieve this objective, a photocatalytic water-based spray coating was applied on an existing asphalt pavement site for the field study statistical model and on laboratory samples for the kinetic study. Based on the field data, the NO reduction was modeled using statistical regression techniques by creating a model for a non-coated pavement and photocatalytic pavement. The coefficient of determination was 0.79 and 0.67, respectively. To improve prediction, other parameters may need to be included into the model and more sampling time is required. Based on the lab results, the NO reduction was reaction controlled following the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. The adsorption equilibrium constant calculated for photocatalytic asphalt pavements was similar to those of concrete pavements, while the reaction rate constant was significantly lower. While humidity has a negative correlation on both L-H constants, intensity has a positive correlation. However, interaction between these two parameters exists.",
author = "Heather Dylla and Somayeh Asadi and Marwa Hassan and Mohammad, {Louay N.}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "82",
pages = "151--176",
journal = "Asphalt Paving Technology: Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists-Proceedings of the Technical Sessions",
issn = "0270-2932",
publisher = "Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluating photocatalytic asphalt pavement effectiveness in real world environments through developing models

T2 - A statistical and kinetic study

AU - Dylla, Heather

AU - Asadi, Somayeh

AU - Hassan, Marwa

AU - Mohammad, Louay N.

PY - 2013/12/1

Y1 - 2013/12/1

N2 - Photocatalytic asphalt pavements are evaluated in this study as a possible air-pollution reduction strategy and to comprehend their behavior in the real world environment. Statistical models from real world experiments or reaction kinetics are two approaches to understand the photocatalytic reduction in real world environments. The objective of this study was to develop a statistical model for nitrogen oxide (NO) reduction using data from a field study and to evaluate the photocatalytic reaction kinetics of NO reduction, which could be used in future theoretical air pollution model simulations. To achieve this objective, a photocatalytic water-based spray coating was applied on an existing asphalt pavement site for the field study statistical model and on laboratory samples for the kinetic study. Based on the field data, the NO reduction was modeled using statistical regression techniques by creating a model for a non-coated pavement and photocatalytic pavement. The coefficient of determination was 0.79 and 0.67, respectively. To improve prediction, other parameters may need to be included into the model and more sampling time is required. Based on the lab results, the NO reduction was reaction controlled following the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. The adsorption equilibrium constant calculated for photocatalytic asphalt pavements was similar to those of concrete pavements, while the reaction rate constant was significantly lower. While humidity has a negative correlation on both L-H constants, intensity has a positive correlation. However, interaction between these two parameters exists.

AB - Photocatalytic asphalt pavements are evaluated in this study as a possible air-pollution reduction strategy and to comprehend their behavior in the real world environment. Statistical models from real world experiments or reaction kinetics are two approaches to understand the photocatalytic reduction in real world environments. The objective of this study was to develop a statistical model for nitrogen oxide (NO) reduction using data from a field study and to evaluate the photocatalytic reaction kinetics of NO reduction, which could be used in future theoretical air pollution model simulations. To achieve this objective, a photocatalytic water-based spray coating was applied on an existing asphalt pavement site for the field study statistical model and on laboratory samples for the kinetic study. Based on the field data, the NO reduction was modeled using statistical regression techniques by creating a model for a non-coated pavement and photocatalytic pavement. The coefficient of determination was 0.79 and 0.67, respectively. To improve prediction, other parameters may need to be included into the model and more sampling time is required. Based on the lab results, the NO reduction was reaction controlled following the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. The adsorption equilibrium constant calculated for photocatalytic asphalt pavements was similar to those of concrete pavements, while the reaction rate constant was significantly lower. While humidity has a negative correlation on both L-H constants, intensity has a positive correlation. However, interaction between these two parameters exists.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897800252&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897800252&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference article

AN - SCOPUS:84897800252

VL - 82

SP - 151

EP - 176

JO - Asphalt Paving Technology: Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists-Proceedings of the Technical Sessions

JF - Asphalt Paving Technology: Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists-Proceedings of the Technical Sessions

SN - 0270-2932

ER -