Although the deformation behavior of high-entropy alloys (HEAs) has been extensively studied at the macroscale, many important properties have yet to be explored for these alloys at the microscale, thus hampering accurate prediction of damage and failure processes. Synchrotron high-energy diffraction microscopy (HEDM) and fast-Fourier transform-based crystal plasticity modeling was conducted to investigate the three-dimensional (3D) grain-resolved micromechanical response for approximately 1,900 constituent grains within a single-phase FCC HEA up to 1% applied strain. The evolution of grain-resolved elastic strains, lattice reorientations, and maximum resolved shear stresses (mRSS) were evaluated to quantify elastic, yield, and fully plastic behavior. Overall, the initial critical resolved shear stress (CRSS), determined via in situ HEDM and companion modeling, was found to be > 20% higher than estimated using the classical polycrystalline Taylor factor (M = 3.06). However, a descriptive parameter based on the average grain-resolved Taylor factor (M¯) was found to show excellent agreement with plastic yielding behavior observed within HEDM datasets. Noticeable deviations in HEDM lattice reorientations compared to both EVP-FFT simulations and classical predictions for FCC polycrystals were discovered, highlighting the complexity in correlating local lattice reorientations, Taylor, and Schmid factors with plastic response for this material at the grain-scale. Therefore, it is anticipated that the overall trends and parameter identification of 3D grain-resolved properties in this study can serve as an important foundation for continued mesoscale investigation on both well-established and newly developed Cantor-like HEAs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys