Evaluating the state of stress and seismic hazard in Thailand and vicinity through finite element modeling

Beth Meyers, Matthew W. Herman, Kevin Patrick Furlong, Passakorn Pananont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thailand is surrounded by seismically active plate boundary zones and large-offset crustal faults, but there is comparatively little seismic activity within its borders. On 5 May 2014, a moment magnitude (MW) 6.2 earthquake occurred in the Mae Lao district of northern Thailand. To better anticipate future seismic hazards from events like this, we model the state of stress in Thailand and its vicinity using a finite element approach. We identify northern Thailand as a region with significant stress accumulation, consistent with being caused by convergence at the Sumatra-Andaman subduction zone and southward escape of the Himalayan Orogen. The stress field in this region is compatible with the kinematics of the Mae Lao event. Our modeling also shows that the magnitude of the stress field throughout southeast Asia is particularly sensitive to the stage of the earthquake cycle at the Sumatra-Andaman subduction zone, although the Sumatra-Andaman subduction zone produces a smaller effect on the orientations of stresses in the source region of the Mae Lao earthquake. Finally, we find that the stress change effect from the Mae Lao earthquake is geographically limited and the broader region remains in nearly the same state of stress as prior to the event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-269
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume166
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2018

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seismic hazard
subduction zone
earthquake
stress field
modeling
stress change
plate boundary
kinematics
effect

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

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abstract = "Thailand is surrounded by seismically active plate boundary zones and large-offset crustal faults, but there is comparatively little seismic activity within its borders. On 5 May 2014, a moment magnitude (MW) 6.2 earthquake occurred in the Mae Lao district of northern Thailand. To better anticipate future seismic hazards from events like this, we model the state of stress in Thailand and its vicinity using a finite element approach. We identify northern Thailand as a region with significant stress accumulation, consistent with being caused by convergence at the Sumatra-Andaman subduction zone and southward escape of the Himalayan Orogen. The stress field in this region is compatible with the kinematics of the Mae Lao event. Our modeling also shows that the magnitude of the stress field throughout southeast Asia is particularly sensitive to the stage of the earthquake cycle at the Sumatra-Andaman subduction zone, although the Sumatra-Andaman subduction zone produces a smaller effect on the orientations of stresses in the source region of the Mae Lao earthquake. Finally, we find that the stress change effect from the Mae Lao earthquake is geographically limited and the broader region remains in nearly the same state of stress as prior to the event.",
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Evaluating the state of stress and seismic hazard in Thailand and vicinity through finite element modeling. / Meyers, Beth; Herman, Matthew W.; Furlong, Kevin Patrick; Pananont, Passakorn.

In: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 166, 15.10.2018, p. 260-269.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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