The objective of this study was to evaluate three commercially available ECLS systems with rotary pumps in terms of circuit pressure, pressure drop, perfusion modes, and hemodynamic energy transmission in a simulated adult cardiogenic shock model. One circuit consisted of a Cardiohelp system, which included a Cardiohelp console and HLS Module Advanced 7.0 tubing set with integrated centrifugal pump and oxygenator. The alternative circuit was composed of a Quadrox-D Adult oxygenator connected in series with either an i-cor diagonal pump and console or a Rotaflow centrifugal pump and console. The circuit was primed with lactated Ringer's solution and packed red blood cells (hematocrit 40%). The trials were conducted at flow rates of 1-5 L/min with pseudo patient pressures of 60 mm Hg and 80 mm Hg. Pulsatile flow was tested when using the i-cor system. Mean pre-oxygenator pressure and pressure drop across ECLS circuit (including oxygenator and arterial tubing) were lower when using the Cardiohelp system as compared to the Rotaflow and i-cor systems (P < 0.01). The i-cor system was able to deliver more hemodynamic energy to the pseudo patient because of its ability to produce pulsatile flow (P < 0.01). The Cardiohelp HLS Module Advanced 7.0 integrated oxygenator had a lower resistance than the Quadrox-D oxygenator. Although the compact Cardiohelp system had a better hemodynamic performance when compared to Rotaflow and i-cor systems, the pulsatile flow of the i-cor system delivered more hemodynamic energy to the pseudo patient. This may render more physiological benefits in high-risk patients on ECLS.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering