Mechanical circulatory support devices such as ventricular assist devices have become the approved and accepted treatment option to improve survival and quality of life in patients with advanced heart failure refractory to medical therapy. Patients as a result are living longer and presenting to emergency medical services, primary care facilities, emergency departments, and critical care units more frequently. Currently, health care providers have limited experience in managing this complex patient population. Thus, we created a standardized method of initial evaluation and algorithmic approach of management to help in the management of emergencies in this unique patient population. We present a comprehensive overview of the types of mechanical assist devices, their complications, and an algorithmic approach to the emergency management in the patients with mechanical circulatory support. A systematic method is crucial in prompt and early recognition of emergencies to ensure appropriate management of these patients.
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