Study Design This was a retrospective review of neuromuscular scoliosis radiographs evaluating interobserver and intra-observer error for a novel method of transverse plane pelvic obliquity. Objectives To evaluate the utility of a previously described method by Lucas et al. of determining transverse plane pelvic obliquity using standard radiographs in patients with cerebral palsy and neuromuscular scoliosis. Summary of Background Data Evaluation of pelvic obliquity in the transverse plane has not been thoroughly studied. The pelvis has been noted to function as intercalary vertebra in neuromuscular scoliosis, resulting in marked obliquity in all 3 planes. Methods Forty radiographs were chosen from 10 patients with cerebral palsy and neuromuscular scoliosis who had had a posterior spine arthrodesis and Galveston spino-pelvic fixation. Four observers independently examined the radiographs at different levels of training on 2 dates 1 week apart. Measurements recorded by each observer were described by Lucas et al.: E (the distance measured on lateral radiographs between the ilium at the inferior part of the sacro-iliac joint and the lateral edge of the anterior superior iliac spine), FR and FL (the coronal plane linear distance between the same 2 landmarks, measured from a posteroanterior radiograph, where F was measured for both the left (F L) and right (FR) sides of the pelvis, respectively), and β (the transverse plane rotation of the pelvis). Reproducibility of the measurements were analyzed using the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC). A CCC of 0.80 or higher was considered excellent agreement. Results The CCC between the first and second sets of measurements was lowest for E and highest for the calculated β, although none of the CCC calculations was statistically significant, demonstrating poor agreement. Conclusions The ability to reliably measure and calculate the degree of transverse plane rotation by radiographs in cerebral palsy patients with spino-pelvic deformity by the method described by Lucas et al. is poor, likely because of difficulty in consistently identify pelvic landmarks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine