Evaluation of a Pediatric Resident Skills-Based Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Curriculum for Substance Use

Sheryl Ryan, Michael V. Pantalon, Deepa Camenga, Shara Martel, Gail D'Onofrio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate a screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment curriculum for alcohol and other substance use developed, implemented and integrated into a pediatric residency program. Methods: During a 1-month adolescent medicine rotation, pediatric, and medicine/pediatric residents in an urban teaching hospital completed a 2 1/2-hour formal curriculum including a didactic lecture, a 40-minute video describing the Brief Negotiation Interview (BNI), and a skill-based session practicing the BNI and receiving individualized feedback. Access to a website with didactic material was provided. Outcome measures were pre- and post-training knowledge, BNI performance measured with a standardized patient using a validated BNI adherence scale, satisfaction with training, and adoption of BNI into clinical practice. Results: Of the 106 residents trained, 92(87%) completed both pre- and post-test evaluations. Significant improvements were found in pre- versus post-test scores of knowledge, (20.0 [2.4 SD] vs. 24.1 [3.5 SD], p <.001) and BNI performance comparing pre- and post BNI adherence scale total scores, (5.14 [1.8 S.D.] vs. 11.5 [.96], p<.001). Residents reported high satisfaction with training, [1.4, SD.5, immediately and 1.6, SD.6, 30-days post training)with scores ranging from 1 to 5 with lower score=greater satisfaction. During the 12-month follow-up period, we received 83 responses from residents reporting a total of 129 BNIs in actual clinical settings. Conclusions: A screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment curriculum was successfully integrated into an adolescent medicine elective in a pediatric residency program. Residents demonstrated significant improvements in knowledge and skills performing the BNI, with high satisfaction and adoption of the BNI into clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume63
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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