Evaluation of a smoking cessation intervention for pregnant women in an urban prenatal clinic

Andrea C. Gielen, Richard Windsor, Ruth R. Faden, Patricia O'Campo, John Repke, Mary Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

A smoking cessation and relapse prevention intervention was tested in an urban, prenatal clinic serving predominantly low-income, African-American women. At their first prenatal visit, 391 smokers were randomly assigned to an experimental (E) group to receive usual clinic information plus a prenatal and postpartum intervention or to a control (C) group to receive only usual clinic information. The intervention consisted of individual skills instruction and counseling by a peer health counselor on the use of a self-help cessation guide and routine clinic reinforcement. Among the E group (n = 193), 6.2% were cotinine-confirmed quitters at third trimester and among the C group (n = 198) the quit rate was 5.6%. Quitters were light smokers at entry into prenatal care. Many had tried to quit smoking at least once prior to pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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