Evaluation of alfalfa-tall fescue mixtures across multiple environments

Benjamin F. Tracy, Ken Albrecht, Joao Flores, Marvin Hall, Anowarul Islam, Gordon Jones, William Lamp, Jennifer W. MacAdam, Howard Skinner, Chris Teutsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Binary grass-legume mixtures can benefit forage production systems in different ways helping growers cope both with increasing input costs (e.g., N fertilizer, herbicides) and potentially more variable weather. The main objective of this study was to evaluate alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and tall fescue [Schedonorus phoenix (Scop.) Holub] mixtures across a wide range of environments to assess herbage accumulation, weed suppression and fertilizer nitrogen replacement values (FNRV). A common field experiment was established in 2009 and 2010 at six study sites in the United States: Maryland, Pennsylvania, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Experimental treatments included an alfalfa monoculture, three alfalfa-fescue mixtures with seed ratios of 75:25, 50:50, and 25:75 of alfalfa/tall fescue, and tall fescue monocultures that received nitrogen applications of 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, and 300 kg N ha-1, respectively. Data were collected over a 2-yr period. The responses of tall fescue monocultures to N fertilization differed among sites, and this contrasted with mixture yields, which did not exhibit site × treatment interactions (P > 0.05). Herbage accumulation and weed suppression were consistently higher in mixtures compared with alfalfa monocultures and tall fescue monocultures receiving less than 100 kg N ha-1. The FNRVs for alfalfa were within the range reported for other studies and averaged 143 kg N ha-1. The consistent herbage accumulations across these multiple environments suggest binary mixtures of alfalfa-tall fescue may be a good option for many forage-livestock producers although yields could be improved with location specific cultivar selection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2026-2034
Number of pages9
JournalCrop Science
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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    Tracy, B. F., Albrecht, K., Flores, J., Hall, M., Islam, A., Jones, G., Lamp, W., MacAdam, J. W., Skinner, H., & Teutsch, C. (2016). Evaluation of alfalfa-tall fescue mixtures across multiple environments. Crop Science, 56(4), 2026-2034. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2015.09.0553