Evaluation of corn hybrids at two stages of development for grazing heifers

Heather D. Karsten, Gregory Wayne Roth, L. D. Muller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grazing-based livestock producers in the northeastern USA most commonly grow corn (Zea mays L.) for silage. Corn could be grazed during dry periods when cool-season pasture is limited. To assess the value of grazing corn, we compared four hybrids ['Baldridge grazing maize'; 'Cargill F657', a bm3 brown midrib hybrid (Bmr); 'Pioneer brand 3335'; and a commercial silage blend] at silking and milk-dough stages of development under grazing with eight Holstein heifers (Bos taurus) for 3 yr in Pennsylvania. Yield, forage disappearance (preminus postgrazing dry matter), and forage quality were measured. Economic feed and economic yield values for all hybrids and stages of development were calculated. Differences among hybrids in yield, forage disappearance, and quality were minor, resulting in small differences in economic value except for Bmr, which had high seed cost. Delaying grazing from silking to milk-dough stage increased yield from 2.4 to 6 Mg ha-1 and forage disappearance from 2.2 Mg ha-1 at silking to 4.9 Mg ha-1 at milk-dough (average of 3 yr). Crude protein and fiber content decreased from silking to milk-dough stage. Because of the higher yield at the milk-dough, economic yield values were $104 ha-1 or $310 ha-1 higher in 2 of 3 yr. Economic yield value of grazing corn at the milk-dough stage averaged $133 ha-1 higher than the estimated economic yield of high quality corn silage, primarily due to harvesting and silo-filling costs. When grazing management promoted high utilization, grazing corn at the milk-dough stage offered a substitute to purchasing stored feed, particularly when inexpensive, high quality hybrids were grazed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-877
Number of pages8
JournalAgronomy Journal
Volume95
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

Fingerprint

dough
heifers
grazing
milk
corn
economics
forage yield
silage
grazing management
forage quality
purchasing
crude fiber
blended foods
corn silage
fiber content
economic valuation
Holstein
livestock
crude protein
Zea mays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Karsten, Heather D. ; Roth, Gregory Wayne ; Muller, L. D. / Evaluation of corn hybrids at two stages of development for grazing heifers. In: Agronomy Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 95, No. 4. pp. 870-877.
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Evaluation of corn hybrids at two stages of development for grazing heifers. / Karsten, Heather D.; Roth, Gregory Wayne; Muller, L. D.

In: Agronomy Journal, Vol. 95, No. 4, 01.07.2003, p. 870-877.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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