Evaluation of five selective media for isolation of catalase-negative gram-positive cocci from bulk tank milk

Ashish A. Sawant, Shreekumar R. Pillai, Bhushan M. Jayarao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Five selective media including Edwards modified medium, Edwards modified medium supplemented with colistin sulfate (5 mg/L) and oxolinic acid (2.5 mg/L), Streptococcus selective medium, Streptosel agar, and thallium-crystal violet-toxin-ferric citrate medium were evaluated for the isolation of streptococci and streptococci-like organisms from raw milk. The sensitivity and specificity of these selective media for streptococci and streptococci-like organisms were determined by using American Type Culture Collection reference strains. Under experimental conditions Edwards modified medium with colistin sulfate (5 mg/L) and oxolinic acid (2.5 mg/L) showed the highest sensitivity (100%) and specificity (100%) for streptococci and streptococci-like organisms followed by thallium-crystal violet-toxin-ferric citrate medium, Edwards modified medium, Streptococcus selective medium, and Streptosel agar. Edwards modified medium supplemented with colistin sulfate (5 mg/L) and oxolinic acid (2.5 mg/L) allowed growth of all streptococci and streptococci-like organisms, while inhibiting growth of the staphylococci and gram-negative reference strains. Bulk tank milk samples from 114 dairy herds were spiral plated onto Edwards modified medium with colistin sulfate (5 mg/ L) and oxolinic acid (2.5 mg/L). A total of 344 isolates (at least three isolates from each sample) were randomly selected and identified to their species. This medium permitted growth of 328 streptococci and streptococci-like organisms belonging to genera Aerococcus, Enterococcus, Gemella, Lactococcus, Streptococcus, and Vagococcus. When Edwards modified medium supplemented with colistin sulfate (5 mg/L) and oxolinic acid (2.5 mg/ L) was evaluated using bulk tank milk samples, the sensitivity and specificity of this medium for streptococci and streptococci-like organisms were observed to be 100 and 87.5%, respectively. The positive predictive value for streptococci and streptococci-like organisms was observed to be 99.4%. The results of the study indicate that Edwards modified medium supplemented with colistin sulfate (5 mg/L) and oxolinic acid (2.5 mg/ L) can be used as a selective medium for the isolation of streptococci and streptococci-like organisms from bulk tank milk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1127-1132
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of dairy science
Volume85
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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