Evaluation of handles in a maximum gripping task

Yong Ku Kong, Andris Freivalds, Sung Eun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Various hook handles were tested to evaluate the effect of handle design characteristics on subjective discomfort ratings and phalange forces in a maximum gripping task. A force glove system with 12 thin force sensitive resistor (FSR) sensors was used to measure phalange forces on the hook handles. Thirty subjects (15 mates and 15 females) were tested, and generally subjects preferred 30 or 37 mm (the latter for large handed males) double frustrum handles followed by 30 mm oval handles, whereas overall they showed less preference for 37 mm oval handles and 45 mm double frustrum handles. The phalange force was more related to handle shape than to handle size in this study, i.e. the individual phalange forces on oval handles were about 8% higher than those on double frustum handles. The force distributions in the maximum gripping task showed significant differences in finger and phalange forces, in the order of middle, index, ring, and little fingers and distal, middle, and proximal phalanges from the highest to the lowest forces. The findings of this study may provide guidelines for designing double frustum handles for satisfying user's preference and oval handles for obtaining high phalange forces in a maximum gripping task.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1350-1364
Number of pages15
Issue number12
StatePublished - Oct 10 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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