A study was conducted to evaluate sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of IS900-PCR assay for detection of Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis in pooled quarter milk and bulk tank milk. Feces, blood and pooled quarter milk from 1493 lactating cattle on 29 herds were analyzed. Bulk tank milk (n = 29 bulk tanks) samples were also examined. Culture analysis revealed that 10.9%, 2.8%, and 20.6% of fecal, pooled quarter milk samples and bulk tanks were positive for M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis, respectively. While 13.5% and 27.5% of pooled quarter milk samples and bulk tanks were positive by IS900 PCR assay, respectively. Moderate to high antibody titers for M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis were detected in 223 of 1493 (14.4%) cows. Cows positive on fecal culture were taken as true positives relative to which the IS900 PCR assay was evaluated. The sensitivity and predictive value of KELA, pooled quarter milk culture, and IS900 PCR assay increased with lactation age. While the specificity of the tests decreased with increase in lactation age. Overall, the IS900 PCR assay using pooled quarter milk samples had a sensitivity, specificity and predictive value of 0.87, 0.95 and 0.71, respectively. The IS900 PCR assay using bulk tank milk had poor sensitivity (0.21), specificity (0.5) and predictive value (0.6). Pooled quarter milk culture analysis had a very low sensitivity (0.17). The kinetics ELISA had lower sensitivity (0.59), specificity (0.90) and predictive value (0.43) as compared to the IS900 PCR assay using pooled quarter milk samples. Results from our study suggest that IS900 PCR assay using bulk tank milk may not be useful for screening herds with M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis infected animals. In conclusion, use of IS900 PCR assay for cows in 2(nd) lactation and higher, using aseptically collected pooled quarter milk samples, can be a useful tool for screening and monitoring lactating cattle in herds with M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Animal Science and Zoology