Evaluation of multi-pass mechanical harvest on sweet cherry

Long He, Jianfeng Zhou, Qin Zhang, Manoj Karkee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

To seek an effective mechanical harvest solution for fresh market sweet cherry with high fruit removal efficiency and low fruit damage rate, a study on multi-pass harvest with a short shaking duration in consequent days was conducted in 2011-2012 harvest seasons. Meanwhile, two sets of one-pass harvest, the 1st one-pass and the 2nd one-pass harvests, were performed on the first day and the last day of the multi-pass harvest as the baseline information. The harvested fruit maturity level distribution indicated that the percentage of fruit maturity level of less or equal to 5 was significant higher in the 1st one-pass harvest than the multi-pass harvest, and the percentage of fruit in maturity level 7 was noticeably higher in the 2nd one-pass harvest than other two harvest methods. The multi-pass harvest solution of four consecutive days of 2.5 s shaking revealed a potential on achieving a substantially higher fruit removal efficiency (83.4±10.3%) and noticeably lower harvest-induced fruit cullage (5.0±4.4%) in comparing with two sets of one-pass harvest, as the corresponding fruit removal efficiencies from those one-pass harvest being 66.7±16.2% and 48.0±16.1%; and harvest-induced fruit cullage being 20.1±9.9% and 11.8±6.0%, respectively. Obtained results supported an hypothesis that the multi-pass short-duration shaking offered a high potential to achieve a higher overall harvest efficiency with better harvested fruit quality, and could be a candidate of optimal solution for mechanical harvest of fresh market sweet cherry if it could be proved to be economically competitive to one-pass solutions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013
PublisherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
Pages2418-2425
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781627486651
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
EventAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013 - Kansas City, MO, United States
Duration: Jul 21 2013Jul 24 2013

Publication series

NameAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013
Volume3

Other

OtherAmerican Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City, MO
Period7/21/137/24/13

Fingerprint

Prunus avium
Fruits
fruit maturity
fruits
fresh market
duration
harvest date
plant damage
fruit quality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

He, L., Zhou, J., Zhang, Q., & Karkee, M. (2013). Evaluation of multi-pass mechanical harvest on sweet cherry. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013 (pp. 2418-2425). (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013; Vol. 3). American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers.
He, Long ; Zhou, Jianfeng ; Zhang, Qin ; Karkee, Manoj. / Evaluation of multi-pass mechanical harvest on sweet cherry. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2013. pp. 2418-2425 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013).
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abstract = "To seek an effective mechanical harvest solution for fresh market sweet cherry with high fruit removal efficiency and low fruit damage rate, a study on multi-pass harvest with a short shaking duration in consequent days was conducted in 2011-2012 harvest seasons. Meanwhile, two sets of one-pass harvest, the 1st one-pass and the 2nd one-pass harvests, were performed on the first day and the last day of the multi-pass harvest as the baseline information. The harvested fruit maturity level distribution indicated that the percentage of fruit maturity level of less or equal to 5 was significant higher in the 1st one-pass harvest than the multi-pass harvest, and the percentage of fruit in maturity level 7 was noticeably higher in the 2nd one-pass harvest than other two harvest methods. The multi-pass harvest solution of four consecutive days of 2.5 s shaking revealed a potential on achieving a substantially higher fruit removal efficiency (83.4±10.3{\%}) and noticeably lower harvest-induced fruit cullage (5.0±4.4{\%}) in comparing with two sets of one-pass harvest, as the corresponding fruit removal efficiencies from those one-pass harvest being 66.7±16.2{\%} and 48.0±16.1{\%}; and harvest-induced fruit cullage being 20.1±9.9{\%} and 11.8±6.0{\%}, respectively. Obtained results supported an hypothesis that the multi-pass short-duration shaking offered a high potential to achieve a higher overall harvest efficiency with better harvested fruit quality, and could be a candidate of optimal solution for mechanical harvest of fresh market sweet cherry if it could be proved to be economically competitive to one-pass solutions.",
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He, L, Zhou, J, Zhang, Q & Karkee, M 2013, Evaluation of multi-pass mechanical harvest on sweet cherry. in American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013, vol. 3, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, pp. 2418-2425, American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, Kansas City, MO, United States, 7/21/13.

Evaluation of multi-pass mechanical harvest on sweet cherry. / He, Long; Zhou, Jianfeng; Zhang, Qin; Karkee, Manoj.

American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers, 2013. p. 2418-2425 (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013; Vol. 3).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - To seek an effective mechanical harvest solution for fresh market sweet cherry with high fruit removal efficiency and low fruit damage rate, a study on multi-pass harvest with a short shaking duration in consequent days was conducted in 2011-2012 harvest seasons. Meanwhile, two sets of one-pass harvest, the 1st one-pass and the 2nd one-pass harvests, were performed on the first day and the last day of the multi-pass harvest as the baseline information. The harvested fruit maturity level distribution indicated that the percentage of fruit maturity level of less or equal to 5 was significant higher in the 1st one-pass harvest than the multi-pass harvest, and the percentage of fruit in maturity level 7 was noticeably higher in the 2nd one-pass harvest than other two harvest methods. The multi-pass harvest solution of four consecutive days of 2.5 s shaking revealed a potential on achieving a substantially higher fruit removal efficiency (83.4±10.3%) and noticeably lower harvest-induced fruit cullage (5.0±4.4%) in comparing with two sets of one-pass harvest, as the corresponding fruit removal efficiencies from those one-pass harvest being 66.7±16.2% and 48.0±16.1%; and harvest-induced fruit cullage being 20.1±9.9% and 11.8±6.0%, respectively. Obtained results supported an hypothesis that the multi-pass short-duration shaking offered a high potential to achieve a higher overall harvest efficiency with better harvested fruit quality, and could be a candidate of optimal solution for mechanical harvest of fresh market sweet cherry if it could be proved to be economically competitive to one-pass solutions.

AB - To seek an effective mechanical harvest solution for fresh market sweet cherry with high fruit removal efficiency and low fruit damage rate, a study on multi-pass harvest with a short shaking duration in consequent days was conducted in 2011-2012 harvest seasons. Meanwhile, two sets of one-pass harvest, the 1st one-pass and the 2nd one-pass harvests, were performed on the first day and the last day of the multi-pass harvest as the baseline information. The harvested fruit maturity level distribution indicated that the percentage of fruit maturity level of less or equal to 5 was significant higher in the 1st one-pass harvest than the multi-pass harvest, and the percentage of fruit in maturity level 7 was noticeably higher in the 2nd one-pass harvest than other two harvest methods. The multi-pass harvest solution of four consecutive days of 2.5 s shaking revealed a potential on achieving a substantially higher fruit removal efficiency (83.4±10.3%) and noticeably lower harvest-induced fruit cullage (5.0±4.4%) in comparing with two sets of one-pass harvest, as the corresponding fruit removal efficiencies from those one-pass harvest being 66.7±16.2% and 48.0±16.1%; and harvest-induced fruit cullage being 20.1±9.9% and 11.8±6.0%, respectively. Obtained results supported an hypothesis that the multi-pass short-duration shaking offered a high potential to achieve a higher overall harvest efficiency with better harvested fruit quality, and could be a candidate of optimal solution for mechanical harvest of fresh market sweet cherry if it could be proved to be economically competitive to one-pass solutions.

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M3 - Conference contribution

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He L, Zhou J, Zhang Q, Karkee M. Evaluation of multi-pass mechanical harvest on sweet cherry. In American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 2013. p. 2418-2425. (American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers Annual International Meeting 2013, ASABE 2013).