Evaluation of phosphorus transport in surface runoff from packed soil boxes

Peter J A Kleinman, Andrew N. Sharpley, Tameria L Veith, Rory O. Maguire, Peter A. Vadas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evaluation of phosphorus (P) management strategies to protect water quality has largely relied on research using simulated rainfall to generate runoff from either field plots or shallow boxes packed with soil. Runoff from unmanured, grassed field plots (1 m wide × 2 m long, 3-8% slope) and bare soil boxes (0.2 m wide and 1 m long, 3% slope) was compared using rainfall simulation (75 mm h-1) standardized by 30-min runoff duration (rainfall averaged 55 mm for field plots and 41 mm for packed boxes). Packed boxes had lower infiltration (1.2 cm) and greater runoff (2.9 cm) and erosion (542 kg ha -1) than field plots (3.7 cm infiltration; 1.8 cm runoff, 149 kg ha-1 erosion), yielding greater total phosphorus (TP) losses in runoff. Despite these differences, regressions of dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) in runoff and Mehlich-3 soil P were consistent between field plots and packed boxes reflecting similar buffering by soils and sediments. A second experiment compared manured boxes of 5- and 25-cm depths to determine if variable hydrology based on box depth influenced P transport. Runoff properties did not differ significantly between box depths before or after broadcasting dairy, poultry, or swine manure (100 kg TP ha-1). Water-extractable phosphorus (WEP) from manures dominated runoff P, and translocation of manure P into soil was consistent between box types. This study reveals the practical, but limited, comparability of field plot and soil box data, highlighting soil and sediment buffering in unamended soils and manure WEP in amended soils as dominant controls of DRP transport.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1413-1423
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Environmental Quality
Volume33
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2004

Fingerprint

Runoff
Phosphorus
runoff
phosphorus
Soils
Manures
soil
manure
Rain
buffering
Infiltration
rainfall
Erosion
Sediments
infiltration
erosion
evaluation
Poultry
Dairies
Hydrology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Kleinman, P. J. A., Sharpley, A. N., Veith, T. L., Maguire, R. O., & Vadas, P. A. (2004). Evaluation of phosphorus transport in surface runoff from packed soil boxes. Journal of Environmental Quality, 33(4), 1413-1423.
Kleinman, Peter J A ; Sharpley, Andrew N. ; Veith, Tameria L ; Maguire, Rory O. ; Vadas, Peter A. / Evaluation of phosphorus transport in surface runoff from packed soil boxes. In: Journal of Environmental Quality. 2004 ; Vol. 33, No. 4. pp. 1413-1423.
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Kleinman, PJA, Sharpley, AN, Veith, TL, Maguire, RO & Vadas, PA 2004, 'Evaluation of phosphorus transport in surface runoff from packed soil boxes', Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 1413-1423.

Evaluation of phosphorus transport in surface runoff from packed soil boxes. / Kleinman, Peter J A; Sharpley, Andrew N.; Veith, Tameria L; Maguire, Rory O.; Vadas, Peter A.

In: Journal of Environmental Quality, Vol. 33, No. 4, 01.07.2004, p. 1413-1423.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Kleinman PJA, Sharpley AN, Veith TL, Maguire RO, Vadas PA. Evaluation of phosphorus transport in surface runoff from packed soil boxes. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2004 Jul 1;33(4):1413-1423.