Purpose: Interaction of 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) with heat shock protein 90 results in proteasomal degradation of many proteins, including Her-2-neu, with subsequent decreased expression of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2). Concentrations of both IGFBP-2 and Her-2 extracellular domain (Her-2 ECD) in sera of mice bearing BT474 human breast cancer xenografts decrease after 17-AAG treatment. We investigated whether this phenomenon occurred in patients. Materials and Methods: Eight to 15 plasma samples were obtained between 0 and 72 h from 27 patients treated with single-agent 17-AAG at doses between 10 and 307 mg/m2 and 18 patients treated with 17-AAG at doses between 220 and 450 mg/m2 combined with 70 to 75 mg/m2 of docetaxel. Pretreatment plasma samples were also obtained from 12 healthy volunteers. Plasma IGFBP-2 and Her-2 ECD concentrations were quantitated by ELISA. Results: Pretreatment plasma IGFBP-2 concentrations in patients (171 ± 116 ng/mL) were 2-fold higher than those in healthy volunteers (85 ± 44 ng/mL; P < 0.05). Following 17-AAG treatment, there were no consistent dose-dependent or time-dependent changes in plasma IGFBP-2 and Her-2 ECD concentrations. IGFBP-2 concentrations decreased by ≥40% in 8 patients, increased 2- to 5-fold in 8 patients, and remained essentially unchanged in 29 patients. Her-2 ECD concentrations decreased by ≥40% in 10 patients, increased 1.5- to 5-fold in 2 patients, and remained essentially unchanged in 25 patients. Conclusions: As previously reported, IGFBP-2 concentrations in plasma of cancer patients are significantly higher than those in healthy volunteers. In contrast to a mouse model, 17-AAG treatment was not consistently associated with decreases in IGFBP-2 or Her-2 ECD concentrations in patient plasma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research