A customized stirred-tank biofilm reactor was designed for plastic-composite supports (PCS). In repeated-batch studies, the PCS-biofilm reactors outperformed the suspended-cell reactors by demonstrating higher lactic acid productivities (2.45 g l-1 h-1 vs 1.75 g l-1 h-1) and greater glucose consumption rates (3.27 g l-1 h-1 vs 2.09 g l-1 h-1). In the repeated fed-batch studies, reactors were spiked periodically with concentrated glucose (75%) to maintain a concentration of ∼80 g of glucose l-1 in the bioreactor. In suspended-cell fermentations with 10 g of yeast extract (YE) l-1 and zero, one, two, and three glucose spikes, the lactic acid productivities were 2.64, 1.58, 0.80, and 0.62 g l-1 h-1, respectively. In comparison, biofilm reactors with 7 g of YE l-1 and zero, one, two, and three glucose spikes achieved lactic acid productivities of 4.20, 2.78, 0.66, and 0.94 g l-1 h-1, respectively. The use of nystatin (30 U ml-1) subdued the contaminating yeast population with no effect on the lactic acid productivity of the biofilm reactors, but it did affect productivity in the suspended-cell bioreactor. Overall, in repeated fed-batch fermentations, the biofilm reactors consistently outperformed the suspended-cell bioreactors, required less YE, and produced up to 146 g of lactic acid l-1 with 7 g of YE l-1, whereas the suspended-cell reactor produced 132 g l-1 with 10 g of YE l-1.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology