Evaluation of prediction methods for lateral deformation of GRS walls and abutments

Mahsa Khosrojerdi, Ming Xiao, Tong Qiu, Jennifer Nicks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geosynthetic reinforced soil (GRS) walls and abutments are increasingly used to support transportation infrastructure. A pressing question in their response is the amount of horizontal deflection expected under service loads. This paper presents an evaluation of six methods for predicting the lateral deformation of GRS walls and abutments, namely the FHWA, Geoservice, CTI, Jewell-Milligan, Wu, and Adams methods. Field and laboratory performances of 17 GRS walls and abutments are compared with the predicted results from the six methods. A statistical analysis is then used to evaluate the conservativeness, accuracy, and reliability of these methods in predicting the maximum lateral deformation of GRS walls. The Adams method is the most accurate method for predicting the maximum lateral deformation if the amount of vertical deformation is reasonably known. Among the Geoservice, Jewell-Milligan, and Wu methods, which have the ability to predict the lateral deformation of GRS walls at various elevations where reinforcements are located, the Wu method is the most accurate and reliable method for predicting the lateral deformation of GRS walls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number06016022
JournalJournal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering
Volume143
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

Fingerprint

geosynthetics
Soils
prediction
soil
Abutments (bridge)
evaluation
method
transportation infrastructure
Statistical methods
Reinforcement
deflection
reinforcement
statistical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

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abstract = "Geosynthetic reinforced soil (GRS) walls and abutments are increasingly used to support transportation infrastructure. A pressing question in their response is the amount of horizontal deflection expected under service loads. This paper presents an evaluation of six methods for predicting the lateral deformation of GRS walls and abutments, namely the FHWA, Geoservice, CTI, Jewell-Milligan, Wu, and Adams methods. Field and laboratory performances of 17 GRS walls and abutments are compared with the predicted results from the six methods. A statistical analysis is then used to evaluate the conservativeness, accuracy, and reliability of these methods in predicting the maximum lateral deformation of GRS walls. The Adams method is the most accurate method for predicting the maximum lateral deformation if the amount of vertical deformation is reasonably known. Among the Geoservice, Jewell-Milligan, and Wu methods, which have the ability to predict the lateral deformation of GRS walls at various elevations where reinforcements are located, the Wu method is the most accurate and reliable method for predicting the lateral deformation of GRS walls.",
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Evaluation of prediction methods for lateral deformation of GRS walls and abutments. / Khosrojerdi, Mahsa; Xiao, Ming; Qiu, Tong; Nicks, Jennifer.

In: Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Vol. 143, No. 2, 06016022, 01.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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