Evaluation of the use of coal volatiles as reburning fuel for NOx reduction

Ryan Zarnitz, Sarma V. Pisupati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


In this study, computational fluid dynamic (CFD) and kinetic models were used to investigate the relative performances of coal volatiles and natural gas reburning. This modeling approach considers fluid dynamic and non-isothermal effects, which were not considered in past laboratory flow reactor studies. The commercial CFD code FLUENT 6.1 was used to predict the residence times and temperatures for reburning tests in the down-fired combustor (DFC), a 0.5 MMBTU/h research combustor at The Pennsylvania State University. To predict NOx concentrations within the combustor, this data was then applied to an advanced reburning kinetic model used in past studies. For equal firing rates and stoichiometric ratios, reburning using methane yielded lower concentrations of NOx (and, therefore, better NOx reduction performance) than reburning using coal volatiles. The coal volatiles give increased flame temperature over natural gas, which apparently offsets the increased reburn zone hydrocarbon radical yield of coal volatiles over natural gas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)554-559
Number of pages6
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry


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