Evidence against the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) as the mediator for polyunsaturated fatty acid suppression of hepatic L-pyruvate kinase gene transcription

David A. Pan, Michelle K. Mater, Annette P. Thelen, Jeffrey Maurice Peters, Frank J. Gonzalez, Donald B. Jump

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

The glycolytic enzyme, L-pyruvate kinase (L-PK), plays an important role in hepatic glucose metabolism. Insulin and glucose induce L-PK gene expression, while glucagon and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) inhibit L- PK gene expression. We have been interested in defining the PUFA regulation of L-PK. The cis-regulatory target for PUFA action includes an imperfect direct repeat (DR1) that binds HNF-4. HNF4 plays an ancillary role in the insulin/glucose-mediated transactivation of the L-PK gene. Because the fatty add-activated nuclear receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARα), binds DR1-like elements and has been reported to interfere with HNF4 action, we examined the role PPARα plays in the regulation of L-PK gene transcription. Feeding rats either fish oil or the potent PPARα activator, WY14,643, suppressed rat hepatic L-PK mRNA and gene transcription. The PPARα-null mouse was used to evaluate the role of the PPARα in hepatic transcriptional control of L-PK. While WY14,643 control of L-PK gene expression required the PPARα, PUFA regulation of L-PK gene expression was independent of the PPARα. Transfection studies in cultured primary hepatocytes localized the cis-regulatory target for WY14,643/PPARα action to the L-PK HNF4 binding site. However, PPARα/RXRα heterodimers did not bind this region. Although both WY14,643 and PUFA suppress L-PK gene transcription through the same element, PUFA regulation of L-PK does not require the PPARα and PPARα/RXRα does not bind the L-PK promoter. These studies suggest that other intermediary factors are involved in both the PUFA and PPARα regulation of L-PK gene transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)742-751
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume41
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology

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