Aluminum fluoride has become an important tool for investigating the mechanism of phosphoryl transfer, an essential reaction that controls a host of vital cell functions. Planar AlF3 or AlF4 molecules are proposed to mimic the phosphoryl group in the catalytic transition state. Acetate kinase catalyzes phosphoryl transfer of the ATP γ-phosphate to acetate. Here we describe the inhibition of acetate kinase from Methanosarcina thermophila by preincubation with MgCl2, ADP, AlCl3, NaF, and acetate. Preincubation with butyrate in place of acetate did not significantly inhibit the enzyme. Several NTPs can substitute for ATP in the reaction, and the corresponding NDPs, in conjunction with MgCl2, AlCl3, NaF, and acetate, inhibit acetate kinase activity. Fluorescence quenching experiments indicated an increase in binding affinity of acetate kinase for MgADP in the presence of AlCl3, NaF, and acetate. These and other characteristics of the inhibition indicate that the transition state analog, MgADP-aluminum fluoride-acetate, forms an abortive complex in the active site. The protection from inhibition by a non-hydrolyzable ATP analog or acetylphosphate, in conjunction with the strict dependence of inhibition on the presence of both ADP and acetate, supports a direct in-line mechanism for acetate kinase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology