The uncoupler 2,4-dinitrophenol blocks the final step of lipopolysaccharide assembly-transfer of O antigen from undecaprenyl pyrophosphate to core lipopolysaccharide - in intact Salmonella typhimurium but not in isolated membrane fractions. The O-antigen ligase enzyme is not inhibited by dinitrophenol in vitro, and core lipopolysaccharide synthesized in the presence of uncoupler in vivo is functional as acceptor of O antigen in vitro. The evidence strongly suggests that maintenance of proton motive force is required for transmembrane transposition of core lipopolysaccharide to the active site of O-antigen ligase at the periplasmic face of the inner membrane.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology