Evidence for oil-induced oxidative stress to larvae of the lightbrown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana walker (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)

Peter D. Taverner, Peter T. Bailey, Richard T. Roush

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

For the purpose of understanding better the mode of action of alkanes on insects, the relationship between mortality, weight loss in oxygen enriched atmospheres and dietary antioxidants was examined using an alkane, C15 Ampol CPD and a spray oil, C23 DC-Tron NR, on lightbrown apple moth, Epiphyas postvittana Walker, (LBAM). The results showed that the surfactant blend used in CPD was an insignificant contributor to the overall toxicity of dilute oil/water emulsions. Higher weight loss occurred in CPD-dipped larvae than C23 DC-Tron NR-dipped larvae, which suggests that alkanes disrupt tracheal waxes and render insects more prone to desiccation. High levels of oxygen increased the toxicity of CPD to LBAM larvae. In addition, dietary supplements of anti-oxidant, α-tocopherol, fed to LBAM larvae were successful in reducing the toxicity of CPD. These results suggest that the alkane may contribute to oxidative injury. The potential role of oil-induced oxidative stress in acute and chronic toxicity in insects is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-334
Number of pages6
JournalPest Management Science
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

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