Background: Estrogen loss has been implicated to increase the risk of alcoholic cardiomyopathy in postmenopausal women. The purpose of this study was to identify novel mitochondrial protein targets for the treatment of alcoholic cardiomyopathy in aged women using a state-of-the-art proteomic approach. We hypothesized that chronic ethanol (EtOH) ingestion exacerbates maladaptive mitochondrial protein expression in the aged female heart. Methods: Adult (3 months) and aged (18 months) F344 ovary-intact or ovariectomized (OVX) rats were randomly assigned an EtOH or control Lieber–DeCarli “all-liquid” diet for 20 weeks. Proteomic analyses were conducted in mitochondria isolated from left ventricles using isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) 8plex labeling and mass spectrometry (n = 3 to 5/group). Results: After EtOH, significant differences (false discovery rate <5%) were observed in electron transport chain components (NADH dehydrogenase [ubiquinone] flavoprotein 2) as well as proteins involved in lipid metabolism (2,4 dienoyl-CoA reductase) and cellular defense (catalase), suggesting a possible link to congestive heart failure. Directional changes in protein levels were confirmed by Western blotting. Additionally, EtOH significantly reduced state 3 mitochondrial respiration in all groups, yet only reduced respiratory control index in the aged OVX rat heart (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Collectively, the data reveal that EtOH-induced changes in the mitochondrial proteome exacerbate cardiac dysfunction in aged and estrogen-deficient hearts, but not in adult. In conclusion, iTRAQ is a powerful tool for investigating new mitochondrial targets of alcoholic cardiomyopathy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Psychiatry and Mental health