Evidence that the 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) exists in cytosol in heteromeric complexes containing HSP70 and three other proteins with M(r) of 63,000, 56,000, and 50,000

G. H. Perdew, M. L. Whitelaw

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Abstract

Monoclonal antibody (mAb) 8D3 and 3G3 are unique antibodies capable of precipitating both free 90-kDa heat shock protein (HSP90) and HSP90-protein complexes. Immunoprecipitation of [35S]methionine-labeled Hepa 1c1c7 cytosolic extracts were performed using mAb 8D3 or 3G3. The resulting immunoprecipitates can be dissociated from the mAb with a 500 mM NaCl wash. These washes were subjected to both sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Five major protein spots were detected in addition to HSP90 with the following relative molecular weights: 68,000, 63,000, 56,000, 50,000, and 188,000. On Western blots mAb 3G3 was capable of specifically binding to HSP90. Each of these proteins was localized on two-dimensional gels. Using one-dimensional gel electrophoresis and immunochemical localization on Western blots, the p68 spot was identified as HSP70, and the p56 spot was found to cross-react with polyclonal antibody JP-1 raised against a 59-kDa protein. This 59-kDa protein has been found previously to be associated with several steroid hormone receptors in rabbit uterine cytosol. Immunoprecipitation of [32P]orthophosphate-labeled Hepa 1c1c7 cytosol with mAb 8D3 or 3G3 revealed two major phosphorylated proteins with relative molecular weights of 90,000 and 50,000. The identities of p63 and p188 are currently unknown. This is the first report examining the major proteins that are complexed with HSP90 in mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6708-6713
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jul 22 1991

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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