Evolutionary genetics in insect phenotypic radiations: the value of a comparative genomic approach

Heather M. Hines, Sarthok Rasique Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Expanding genome sequencing and transgenic technologies are enabling the discovery of genes driving phenotypic diversity across insect taxa. Limitations in downstream functional genetic approaches, however, have been an obstacle for developing non-model systems for evolutionary genetics. Phenotypically diverse radiations, such as those exhibiting convergence and divergence as a result of mimicry, are ideal for evolutionary genetics as they can lead to insights using comparative genomic approaches alone. The varied and repeated instances of phenotypes in highly polymorphic systems allow assessment of whether similar loci are repeatedly targeted by selection and can inform how alleles sort across lineages. Comparative genomics of these taxa can be used to decipher components of gene regulatory networks, dissect regulatory regions, and validate genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-95
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Insect Science
Volume36
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

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