Evolutionary science as a method to facilitate higher level thinking and reasoning in medical training

Joseph L. Graves, Chris Reiber, Anna Thanukos, Magdalena Hurtado, Therese Wolpaw

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evolutionary science is indispensable for understanding biological processes. Effective medical treatment must be anchored in sound biology. However, currently the insights available from evolutionary science are not adequately incorporated in either pre-medical or medical school curricula. To illuminate how evolution may be helpful in these areas, examples in which the insights of evolutionary science are already improving medical treatment and ways in which evolutionary reasoning can be practiced in the context of medicine are provided. To facilitate the learning of evolutionary principles, concepts derived from evolutionary science that medical students and professionals should understand are outlined. These concepts are designed to be authoritative and at the same time easily accessible for anyone with the general biological knowledge of a first-year medical student. Thus, we conclude that medical practice informed by evolutionary principles will be more effective and lead to better patient outcomes. Furthermore, it is argued that evolutionary medicine complements general medical training because it provides an additional means by which medical students can practice the critical thinking skills that will be important in their future practice. We argue that core concepts from evolutionary science have the potential to improve critical thinking and facilitate more effective learning in medical training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)358-368
Number of pages11
JournalEvolution, Medicine and Public Health
Volume2016
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

students
medical treatment
Medical Students
student
medicine
learning
medical sciences
curriculum
Medicine
Learning
complement
Biological Phenomena
methodology
biological processes
Biological Sciences
Medical Schools
Curriculum
science
method
Thinking

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Graves, Joseph L. ; Reiber, Chris ; Thanukos, Anna ; Hurtado, Magdalena ; Wolpaw, Therese. / Evolutionary science as a method to facilitate higher level thinking and reasoning in medical training. In: Evolution, Medicine and Public Health. 2016 ; Vol. 2016, No. 1. pp. 358-368.
@article{ef70aed8a27349a292c4bdd8969c8905,
title = "Evolutionary science as a method to facilitate higher level thinking and reasoning in medical training",
abstract = "Evolutionary science is indispensable for understanding biological processes. Effective medical treatment must be anchored in sound biology. However, currently the insights available from evolutionary science are not adequately incorporated in either pre-medical or medical school curricula. To illuminate how evolution may be helpful in these areas, examples in which the insights of evolutionary science are already improving medical treatment and ways in which evolutionary reasoning can be practiced in the context of medicine are provided. To facilitate the learning of evolutionary principles, concepts derived from evolutionary science that medical students and professionals should understand are outlined. These concepts are designed to be authoritative and at the same time easily accessible for anyone with the general biological knowledge of a first-year medical student. Thus, we conclude that medical practice informed by evolutionary principles will be more effective and lead to better patient outcomes. Furthermore, it is argued that evolutionary medicine complements general medical training because it provides an additional means by which medical students can practice the critical thinking skills that will be important in their future practice. We argue that core concepts from evolutionary science have the potential to improve critical thinking and facilitate more effective learning in medical training.",
author = "Graves, {Joseph L.} and Chris Reiber and Anna Thanukos and Magdalena Hurtado and Therese Wolpaw",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/EMPH/EOW029",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2016",
pages = "358--368",
journal = "Evolution, Medicine and Public Health",
issn = "2050-6201",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

Evolutionary science as a method to facilitate higher level thinking and reasoning in medical training. / Graves, Joseph L.; Reiber, Chris; Thanukos, Anna; Hurtado, Magdalena; Wolpaw, Therese.

In: Evolution, Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 2016, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 358-368.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evolutionary science as a method to facilitate higher level thinking and reasoning in medical training

AU - Graves, Joseph L.

AU - Reiber, Chris

AU - Thanukos, Anna

AU - Hurtado, Magdalena

AU - Wolpaw, Therese

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Evolutionary science is indispensable for understanding biological processes. Effective medical treatment must be anchored in sound biology. However, currently the insights available from evolutionary science are not adequately incorporated in either pre-medical or medical school curricula. To illuminate how evolution may be helpful in these areas, examples in which the insights of evolutionary science are already improving medical treatment and ways in which evolutionary reasoning can be practiced in the context of medicine are provided. To facilitate the learning of evolutionary principles, concepts derived from evolutionary science that medical students and professionals should understand are outlined. These concepts are designed to be authoritative and at the same time easily accessible for anyone with the general biological knowledge of a first-year medical student. Thus, we conclude that medical practice informed by evolutionary principles will be more effective and lead to better patient outcomes. Furthermore, it is argued that evolutionary medicine complements general medical training because it provides an additional means by which medical students can practice the critical thinking skills that will be important in their future practice. We argue that core concepts from evolutionary science have the potential to improve critical thinking and facilitate more effective learning in medical training.

AB - Evolutionary science is indispensable for understanding biological processes. Effective medical treatment must be anchored in sound biology. However, currently the insights available from evolutionary science are not adequately incorporated in either pre-medical or medical school curricula. To illuminate how evolution may be helpful in these areas, examples in which the insights of evolutionary science are already improving medical treatment and ways in which evolutionary reasoning can be practiced in the context of medicine are provided. To facilitate the learning of evolutionary principles, concepts derived from evolutionary science that medical students and professionals should understand are outlined. These concepts are designed to be authoritative and at the same time easily accessible for anyone with the general biological knowledge of a first-year medical student. Thus, we conclude that medical practice informed by evolutionary principles will be more effective and lead to better patient outcomes. Furthermore, it is argued that evolutionary medicine complements general medical training because it provides an additional means by which medical students can practice the critical thinking skills that will be important in their future practice. We argue that core concepts from evolutionary science have the potential to improve critical thinking and facilitate more effective learning in medical training.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051685091&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051685091&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/EMPH/EOW029

DO - 10.1093/EMPH/EOW029

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85051685091

VL - 2016

SP - 358

EP - 368

JO - Evolution, Medicine and Public Health

JF - Evolution, Medicine and Public Health

SN - 2050-6201

IS - 1

ER -