It is known that muscle temperature (T m) increases with exercise. The purpose of this study was to examine if contraction-induced increase in T m was altered in rats with heart failure (HF) induced by chronic myocardial infraction (MI) as compared with healthy control animals. A temperature probe was inserted in the triceps surae muscle to continuously measureT m throughout experiments. Static muscle contraction was induced by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve for 1 min. As baseline T m was 34°C, contraction increased temperature by 1.6 ± 0.18°C in nine health control rats and by 1.0 ± 0.15°C in 10 MI rats (P < 0.05 vs. control). Note that there were no differences in developed muscle tension and muscle weight between the two groups. In addition, muscle contraction increased mean arterial pressure by 23 ± 3 mmHg in control rats and by 31 ± 3 mmHg in MI rats (P < 0.05 vs. control). A regression analysis further shows that there is an inverse liner relationship between the pressor response and static contraction-induced increase in Tm. Our data suggest that T m increase evoked by contraction is impaired in MI rats. The abnormal alteration in Tm likely modifies the reflex cardiovascular responses in MI via mechanisms of temperature-sensitive receptors on muscle afferent nerves.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)