Excited by a 980 nm laser, upconversion emissions centered at 384 (Er 3+: 4G11/2 → 4I15/2) and 408 nm (Er3+: 2H9/2 → 4I15/2) in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped polycrystalline CaWO4 were successfully obtained. The 4G11/2 and 2H9/2 states of Er 3+ were verified to be thermally coupled levels, which can emit the shortest wavelength emissions for optical thermometry known so far. Based on the change of their intensity ratio with temperature, an excellent optical thermometer can be designed, which can provide accurate temperature measurement from room temperature up to 873 K. More importantly, the sensitivity achieved here is much higher than reported temperature sensors based on Er3+ green luminescence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics