Excellent optical thermometry based on short-wavelength upconversion emissions in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped CaWO4

Wei Xu, Zhiguo Zhang, Wenwu Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Scopus citations


Excited by a 980 nm laser, upconversion emissions centered at 384 (Er 3+: 4G11/24I15/2) and 408 nm (Er3+: 2H9/24I15/2) in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped polycrystalline CaWO4 were successfully obtained. The 4G11/2 and 2H9/2 states of Er 3+ were verified to be thermally coupled levels, which can emit the shortest wavelength emissions for optical thermometry known so far. Based on the change of their intensity ratio with temperature, an excellent optical thermometer can be designed, which can provide accurate temperature measurement from room temperature up to 873 K. More importantly, the sensitivity achieved here is much higher than reported temperature sensors based on Er3+ green luminescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4865-4867
Number of pages3
JournalOptics Letters
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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