Exceptional events monitoring using S-NPP VIIRS aerosol products

Shobha Kondragunta, Istvan Laszlo, Pubu Ciren, Hai Zhang, Hongqing Liu, Jingfeng Huang, Amy Huff

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) Vis ible Infrared Imaging Radiometer (VIIRS) instrument was launched on October 28, 2011 to provide operational environmental monitoring which includes exceptional events such as dust storms, smoke, urban haze, and volcanic ash. The VIIRS aerosol products include pixel-level (∼750m) aerosol optical thickness (AOT) and aerosol detection which includes dust and smoke mask/aerosol index. The VIIRS aerosol product resolutions and its large swath width (∼3000 km) provide an unprecedented capability to observe small-to-large scale exceptional events that impact human health and economy. The VIIRS aerosol products have a demonstrated accuracy, precision, and measurement range to reliably observe and track exceptional events and aid operational air quality forecasters in providing warnings and alerts to the public. This presentation will illustrate VIIRS aerosol product capabilities and limitations using examples of exceptional events such as a multi-day smog blanketing China (November-December 2015), long range transport of smoke from forest fires in Alaska and Canada impacting regional air quality in the northeast United States (June 2015), and long range transport of dust from Africa impacting air quality in the south eastern United States (June 2015). While the aerosol imagery is very valuable to forecasters in providing the regional extent of an exceptional event (e.g., upwind conditions and their impact downwind), drawing quantitative estimates of surface concentrations of particles smaller than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5, μg/m3) from AOT often times requires additional information or assumptions. The Chinese smog case where the observed VIIRS AOT values did not necessarily reflect the high surface PM2.5 values (∼600 μg/m3) observed by ground stations and the identification of aerosol type in the smog as smoke due to the presence of highly absorbing brown carbon will be used as an example to demonstrate the strengths and limitations of applying remotely sensed aerosol products to air quality monitoring and forecasting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1285-1287
Number of pages3
ISBN (Electronic)9781509049516
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017
Event37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017 - Fort Worth, United States
Duration: Jul 23 2017Jul 28 2017

Publication series

NameInternational Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)
Volume2017-July

Other

Other37th Annual IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 2017
CountryUnited States
CityFort Worth
Period7/23/177/28/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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  • Cite this

    Kondragunta, S., Laszlo, I., Ciren, P., Zhang, H., Liu, H., Huang, J., & Huff, A. (2017). Exceptional events monitoring using S-NPP VIIRS aerosol products. In 2017 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Cooperation for Global Awareness, IGARSS 2017 - Proceedings (pp. 1285-1287). [8127196] (International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS); Vol. 2017-July). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.2017.8127196