Executive function, approach sensitivity, and emotional decision making as influences on risk behaviors in young adults

Megan E. Patrick, Clancy Blair, Jennifer Maggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Relations among executive function, behavioral approach sensitivity, emotional decision making, and risk behaviors (alcohol use, drug use, and delinquent behavior) were examined in single female college students (N = 72). Hierarchical multiple regressions indicated a significant Approach Sensitivity x Working Memory interaction in which higher levels of alcohol use were associated with the combination of greater approach tendency and better working memory. This Approach Sensitivity x Working Memory interaction was also marginally significant for drug use and delinquency. Poor emotional decision making, as measured by a gambling task, was also associated with higher levels of alcohol use, but only for individuals low in inhibitory control. Findings point to the complexity of relations among aspects of self-regulation and personality and provide much needed data on neuropsychological correlates of risk behaviors in a nonclinical population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-462
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2008

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Executive Function
Risk-Taking
Short-Term Memory
Young Adult
Decision Making
Alcohols
Gambling
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Personality
Students
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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Executive function, approach sensitivity, and emotional decision making as influences on risk behaviors in young adults. / Patrick, Megan E.; Blair, Clancy; Maggs, Jennifer.

In: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 30, No. 4, 01.05.2008, p. 449-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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