Exercise dependence and the drive for muscularity in male bodybuilders, power lifters, and fitness lifters

Bruce D. Hale, Andrew D. Roth, Ryan E. DeLong, Michael S. Briggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Researchers have hypothesized differences in exercise dependence and drive for muscularity between bodybuilders and power lifters, while others have not found the predicted differences. This study assessed 146 weight lifters (bodybuilders, n = 59; power lifters, n = 47; fitness lifters, n = 40) on the Exercise Dependence Scale, Bodybuilding Dependence Scale, and the Drive for Muscularity Scale. Results showed that bodybuilders and power lifters were significantly higher than fitness lifters on EDS Total, 7 EDS scales, and the 3 BDS scales. In contrast, power lifters were found to be significantly higher on DMS Total and DMS Behavior scales than bodybuilders. The regression results suggest that exercise dependence may be directly related to the drive for muscularity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-239
Number of pages6
JournalBody Image
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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