Existing and emerging mechanisms for transport of iron and manganese to the brain

Elise A. Malecki, Attila G. Devenyi, John L. Beard, James Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

117 Scopus citations


The metals iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) are essential for normal functioning of the brain. This review focuses on recent developments in the literature pertaining to Fe and Mn transport. These metals are treated together because they appear to share several transport mechanisms. In addition, several neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, and Huntington's Disease are all associated with Fe mismanagement in the brain, particularly in the striatum and basal ganglia. Similarly, Mn accumulation in brain also appears to target the same brain regions. Therefore, stringent regulation of the concentration of these metals in the brain is essential. The homeostatic mechanisms for these metals must be understood in order to design neurotoxicity prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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