Existing Infection Facilitates Establishment and Density of Malaria Parasites in Their Mosquito Vector

Laura C. Pollitt, Joshua T. Bram, Simon Blanford, Matthew J. Jones, Andrew F. Read

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Very little is known about how vector-borne pathogens interact within their vector and how this impacts transmission. Here we show that mosquitoes can accumulate mixed strain malaria infections after feeding on multiple hosts. We found that parasites have a greater chance of establishing and reach higher densities if another strain is already present in a mosquito. Mixed infections contained more parasites but these larger populations did not have a detectable impact on vector survival. Together these results suggest that mosquitoes taking multiple infective bites may disproportionally contribute to malaria transmission. This will increase rates of mixed infections in vertebrate hosts, with implications for the evolution of parasite virulence and the spread of drug-resistant strains. Moreover, control measures that reduce parasite prevalence in vertebrate hosts will reduce the likelihood of mosquitoes taking multiple infective feeds, and thus disproportionally reduce transmission. More generally, our study shows that the types of strain interactions detected in vertebrate hosts cannot necessarily be extrapolated to vectors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1005003
JournalPLoS pathogens
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Virology

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