Exogenous pituitary and recombinant growth hormones induce insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 resistance in pig adipose tissue

P. E. Walton, T. D. Etherton, C. S. Chung

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37 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, pigs were treated daily for 7 days with exogenous porcine growth hormone (pGH; 70 μg/kg BW) in order to determine whether pGH induced insulin and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) resistance in pig adipose tissue. In the first experiment, pituitary-derived pGH (ppGH) decreased basal and insulin-stimulated lipogenesis by 50%. Insulin sensitivity decreased more than 90% as the result of pGH treatment. Sensitivity and responsiveness to IGF-1 were decreased 50% by ppGH. In a second experiment, pigs were treated daily (70 μ/kg BW) with exogenous pituitary pGH (ppGH) or recombinant pGH (rpGH) for 7 days in order to determine if the effects of pGH were intrinsic properties of the hormone. Both rpGH and ppGH caused similar decreases in basal rates of lipogenesis, insulin- and IGF-1-stimulated lipogenesis, and insulin and IGF-1 responsiveness in pig adipose tissue. In summary, the decrease in adipose tissue growth of pigs treated chronically with pGH is due in large part to the suppression of fatty acid synthesis and a decrease in the ability of insulin to stimulate lipid synthesis in pig adipocytes. These responses are intrinsic properties of pGH since the effects of rpGH mimicked those of ppGH. The role and importance of a decrease in IGF-1 responsiveness remains to be resolved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalDomestic Animal Endocrinology
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1987

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

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