The current method for graft fixation in bone tendon-bone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is the interference screw. Although this method of fixation provides for adequate graft fixation with respect to strength, intraoperative placement is difficult and the failure rate is high. To address these concerns, we have designed and fabricated prototype expansion anchors that could be expanded to anchor the graft in the bone tunnel. As a first step in assessing the validity of this concept, in the current work, we demonstrate that these systems are of comparable fixation strength (biomechanical pullout testing) to the standard interference screw, are smaller at the time of insertion and thus provide for increased visibility and ease of placement. The increased visibility should result in better placement and reduced failure rates. The increased ease of placement should result in significant savings in decreased OR time.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering