Experiment and semi-empirical modeling of lab-scale hybrid rocket performance

Terrence L. Connell, Steve A. Santi, Grant A. Risha, Bruce A. Muller, Todd D. Batzel

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A simplified semi-empirical predictive model was developed to aid in the determination of operating parameters and chamber specifications for a lab-scale hybrid rocket engine and test sled design. The model combines user defined initial operating and system design parameters with empirically derived regression rate correlations, NASA CEA2000 combustion equilibrium analysis results, and conservation of mass derivations. The model facilitates parametric optimization of oxidizer flow, chamber pressure and nozzle throat diameter, through a time resolved series of functions, deriving output parameters including characteristic velocity, combustion temperature, efficiency, chamber pressure, thrust, and specific inertia. Experiments were conducted using polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) and gaseous oxygen. Experimental results indicate HTPB linear regression rate are twice that of PMMA. Additionally, the results show, a simplified model of the hybrid combustion system is sufficient to adequately predict combustion parameters in a lab-scale hybrid rocket motor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Aug 2 2009Aug 5 2009

Publication series

Name45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit

Other

Other45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit
CountryUnited States
CityDenver, CO
Period8/2/098/5/09

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Energy(all)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Connell, T. L., Santi, S. A., Risha, G. A., Muller, B. A., & Batzel, T. D. (2009). Experiment and semi-empirical modeling of lab-scale hybrid rocket performance. In 45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit (45th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit).