Experimental and computational studies of sonochemical assisted anchoring of carbon quantum dots on reduced graphene oxide sheets towards the photocatalytic activity

M. G. Ashritha, Sachin R. Rondiya, Russell W. Cross, Nelson Y. Dzade, S. D. Dhole, K. Hareesh, D. V. Sunitha

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Abstract

Herein, carbon quantum dots (CQDs) are anchored on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) sheets by sonochemical assisted method. The developed carbon quantum dots/reduced graphene oxide (CQDs/rGO) catalyst shows enhancement in the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue and methyl orange under visible light compared to that of individual CQDs and rGO components. The improved performance of the CQDs/rGO catalyst has been attributed to efficient separation of photogenerated charge carriers as studied by photoluminescence studies and to increase in the surface area as studied by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller method. The photocatalytic degradation is studied in detail by varying catalyst loading, dye concentration and the rate constant is determined by first order kinetics. The enhancement in photocatalytic activity of CQDs/rGO catalyst is validated by first principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations which shows the enrichment in density of states thereby decreasing the work function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number148962
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume545
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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