Experimental and theoretical investigation of the co-occurrence of linear and circular dichroisms for oblique incidence of light on chiral sculptured thin films

Patrick D. McAtee, Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Theory shows that a slab of a dielectric structurally chiral material (DSCM) exhibits both linear and circular dichroisms because of its anisotropy and structural chirality, for normal as well as oblique incidence. This conclusion was confirmed by fabricating a chiral sculptured thin film and measuring the spectra of its reflectances and transmittances, both linear and circular. Signatures of the circular Bragg phenomenon are evident in the spectra of all reflectances, transmittances, absorptances, and dichroisms. Reversal of the structural handedness of a DSCM and rotation of the projection of the direction of propagation of the incident light clockwise instead of counterclockwise about the axis of helicoidal nonhomogeneity simultaneously changes the sign of circular dichroism but has no effect on linear dichroism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1131-1139
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics and Image Science, and Vision
Volume35
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

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Dichroism
dichroism
transmittance
incidence
occurrences
reflectance
Thin films
handedness
absorptance
Chirality
thin films
chirality
inhomogeneity
slabs
Anisotropy
projection
signatures
anisotropy
propagation
Direction compound

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition

Cite this

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abstract = "Theory shows that a slab of a dielectric structurally chiral material (DSCM) exhibits both linear and circular dichroisms because of its anisotropy and structural chirality, for normal as well as oblique incidence. This conclusion was confirmed by fabricating a chiral sculptured thin film and measuring the spectra of its reflectances and transmittances, both linear and circular. Signatures of the circular Bragg phenomenon are evident in the spectra of all reflectances, transmittances, absorptances, and dichroisms. Reversal of the structural handedness of a DSCM and rotation of the projection of the direction of propagation of the incident light clockwise instead of counterclockwise about the axis of helicoidal nonhomogeneity simultaneously changes the sign of circular dichroism but has no effect on linear dichroism.",
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AU - Lakhtakia, Akhlesh

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N2 - Theory shows that a slab of a dielectric structurally chiral material (DSCM) exhibits both linear and circular dichroisms because of its anisotropy and structural chirality, for normal as well as oblique incidence. This conclusion was confirmed by fabricating a chiral sculptured thin film and measuring the spectra of its reflectances and transmittances, both linear and circular. Signatures of the circular Bragg phenomenon are evident in the spectra of all reflectances, transmittances, absorptances, and dichroisms. Reversal of the structural handedness of a DSCM and rotation of the projection of the direction of propagation of the incident light clockwise instead of counterclockwise about the axis of helicoidal nonhomogeneity simultaneously changes the sign of circular dichroism but has no effect on linear dichroism.

AB - Theory shows that a slab of a dielectric structurally chiral material (DSCM) exhibits both linear and circular dichroisms because of its anisotropy and structural chirality, for normal as well as oblique incidence. This conclusion was confirmed by fabricating a chiral sculptured thin film and measuring the spectra of its reflectances and transmittances, both linear and circular. Signatures of the circular Bragg phenomenon are evident in the spectra of all reflectances, transmittances, absorptances, and dichroisms. Reversal of the structural handedness of a DSCM and rotation of the projection of the direction of propagation of the incident light clockwise instead of counterclockwise about the axis of helicoidal nonhomogeneity simultaneously changes the sign of circular dichroism but has no effect on linear dichroism.

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