Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in the rat spinal cord: Lesion detection with high-resolution MR microscopy at 17.6 T

Andreas Steinbrecher, Thomas Weber, Thomas Neuberger, André M. Mueller, Xiomara Pedré, Gerhard Giegerich, Ulrich Bogdahn, Peter Jakob, Axel Haase, Cornelius Faber

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an inflammatory demyelinating disorder of the CNS and an animal model of multiple sclerosis. We used high-field MR microscopy at 17.6 T to image spinal cord inflammatory lesions in the acute stage of chronic relapsing rat EAE. We sought to compare lesions detected on MR imaging with histopathologic findings and to quantify the inflammatory lesion load. METHODS: Imaging of fixed spinal cord specimens was performed by using a 3D gradient-echo sequence with a spatial resolution of 35 × 35 × 58 μm3 and a total imaging time of 5.5 hours. Histopathologic analysis was performed by staining axial sections with hematoxylineosin or Luxol fast blue to identify cellular infiltration and demyelination. RESULTS: Clinical signs of EAE occurred on days 10-14 after immunization. On day 22, healthy white matter and gray matter were differentiated by high contrast on T2*-weighted images, with white matter lesions appearing as hyperintense areas in the normal-appearing white matter. Inflammatory lesions identified on histopathologic evaluation were readily detected with MR imaging and vice versa. MR imaging and histopathologic analysis had excellent correlation regarding the extent of white matter lesions. Inflammatory infiltrates of gray matter were not detectable with MR imaging. Using a semiautomatic segmentation of the acquired MR data, we could quantify white matter lesion load. CONCLUSION: Ex vivo high-resolution MR microscopy of the spinal cord at 17.6 T allows rapid and highly accurate determination of CNS inflammation by demonstrating virtually all histologically detectable white matter inflammatory lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume26
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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    Steinbrecher, A., Weber, T., Neuberger, T., Mueller, A. M., Pedré, X., Giegerich, G., Bogdahn, U., Jakob, P., Haase, A., & Faber, C. (2005). Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in the rat spinal cord: Lesion detection with high-resolution MR microscopy at 17.6 T. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 26(1), 19-25.