Experimental calibration and compensation for the continuous effect of time, number of layers and volume of material on shape deformation in small-scale additive manufacturing of concrete

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Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) of cementitious material is a multidisciplinary effort that depends on multiple aspects such as printing system, toolpath design and material properties. Although each of these aspects are important individually, their combined effect must also be considered. For instance, the rheological and physical properties of fresh cementitious material affect the printing system, and in turn the toolpath design. More importantly, the properties of printed material and its deformation behavior affect the dimensional and geometric precision which requires modification of the toolpath to compensate for such a deformation. The deformation of fine aggregate concrete is a time related issue that is directly related to the scale of printed specimens. In larger parts the time to print each layer is bigger and the material will have more time to harden and keep its shape, whereas in smaller parts it does not have enough time to harden and will deform under the weight of subsequent layers. As a result, shape accuracy of the printed specimen will be compromised. Previous experimental research determined the effect of the number of layers and beads on deformation and the time interval after which printed concrete stops deforming. This study investigates the effect of the number of layers and beads on layer width and layer height deformation as a function of extrusion rate and time before that time interval. The result is a model relating all the relevant variables that can be used to compensate for deformation in toolpath design of small scale printed concrete specimens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102228
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
Volume47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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