We experimentally characterize a quantum photonic gate that is capable of converting multiqubit entangled states while acting only on two qubits. It is an important tool in large quantum networks, where it can be used for re-wiring of multipartite entangled states or for generating various entangled states required for specific tasks. The gate can be also used to generate quantum information processing resources, such as entanglement and discord. In our experimental demonstration, we characterized the conversion of a linear four-qubit cluster state into different entangled states, including GHZ and Dicke states. The high quality of the experimental results show that the gate has the potential of being a flexible component in distributed quantum photonic networks.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics